The Shoah in Ukraine: Truth and Friendship

Summary: The Shoah in Ukraine had specific features that have branded and were branded by the millennial relations between Jews and Ukrainians. This long history bears great obstacles as well as great potentials to a shared narrative between the two people. I would like to assess them under three headings. 1) Thepervasive nature of lies and legends create a special difficulties for the recovery of such a shared narrative, difficulties which are far beyond the average pattern of divided memories. The memory of huge and tragic events is plagued by denial, censorshipand legends at a very deep and global level.


On March 10, 1946, at Lviv, the Orthodox Church of Russia, under pressure from the Soviet government, forcefully integrated the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church and claimed jurisdiction over it. When the participants in the synod on March 8 and 9, voted for the “reunification” of their Church with the Patriarchate of Moscow, all the Ukrainian Greek Catholic bishops were behind bars in prisons. The 216 priests and 19 laymen, assembled in the Cathedral of Saint George in Lviv by the NKVD, the ancestor of the KGB, were at the mercy of a “group of initiative” led by two Orthodox bishops, Antony Pelvetsky and Myhailo Melnyk, and an orthodox priest Gavril Kostelnyk.

Putin goes

22 December 2014

Alexander Morozov

Until ‘Black Tuesday’ on 16 December 2014, 15 years after he first took power, there were no grounds for any consideration of whether Putin might resign or call snap elections. Now it has become absolutely essential to consider this scenario, although it remains as unlikely as ever, in order to drag Russia out of this serious economic and political crisis.

While Stalin was Hitler’s Ally

Timothy Snyder

As Vladimir Putin revives the tradition of wars of aggression on European territory, the Russian past has be adjusted – in speaking of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact as good foreign policy.
As Russia continues its invasion of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin has chosen to rehabilitate the alliance between Hitler and Stalin that began the Second World War. In speaking of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact as good foreign policy doing so he violates both the long Soviet taboo and adjusts his own prior position that the agreement was “immoral.” What might he have in mind?

Ukraine One Year After Euromaidan: Struggling but Hopeful

John Burger
A “Revolution of Dignity” has restored values, unified society, Ukrainians say
There’s a certain sadness that comes with November in Ukraine. It’s the time of year when Ukrainians commemorate the Holodomor—the forced famine they suffered under Stalin in the 1930s. And Nov. 15 is the anniversary of the Soviet annexation of Western Ukraine in 1939, which for many brings up all kinds of memories.

Putin’s New Nostalgia

November 10, 2014
Timothy Snyder
As Russian military convoys continue the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin has chosen to rehabilitate the alliance between Hitler and Stalin that began World War II. Speaking before an audience of Russian historians at the Museum of Modern Russian History, Putin said: “The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression agreement with Germany. They say, ‘Oh, how bad.’ But what is so bad about it, if the Soviet Union did not want to fight? What is so bad?”

Timothy Snyder. Civic history (foreword to the book “Ukrainian history, Russian politics, European future”)

How can the study of history help us to understand current affairs?  In interpreting Ukrainian revolution and Russian intervention, how might it help to know something about the east European past?  Or, in a more general way, how might it help to have a historical sensibility, a sense that the events of the present are […]

Putin Needs Victory

16 April, 2014 Anders Aslund «All we need is victory regardless of the cost». So runs the refrain in a popular old Soviet film, «The Belarusian Railway Station», about World War II veterans. This line probably explains President Vladimir Putin’s policy on Ukraine. The latest developments, including the seizure by Russian operatives of police stations […]

Fascism, Russia, and Ukraine

20/03/2014 Timothy Snyder The students were the first to protest against the regime of President Viktor Yanukovych on the Maidan, the central square in Kiev, last November. These were the Ukrainians with the most to lose, the young people who unreflectively thought of themselves as Europeans and who wished for themselves a life, and a […]


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